Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic depressive psychosis. The World Health Organization classifies bipolar disorder as the sixth largest disability in the world. The life expectancy of people with bipolar disorder is less than ten years of general population, especially because of the frequent suicide attempts.
What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is characterized by reciprocal periods of hyper-happiness (period of mania) and depression.
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness marked by extreme mood swings from high to low, and from low to high. Highs are periods of mania, while lows are periods of depression. The mood swings may even become mixed, so you might feel elated and depressed at the same time.
Bipolar disorder affects between 1 and 2.5 percent of the population, and the median age of onset for bipolar disorder is 25 years. It affects both men and women.
Bipolar disorder is a disease that limits a person’s abilities and affects their daily life, but it can be controlled.
This disorder is manifested by the loss of complete control over behavior, talk, frowns and impossibility of controlling emotions.
Bipolar disorder can lead to anxiety disorders and suffering from cognitive disorders and also sleep disorders. Bipolar disorder and depression are often confused, and this delay the diagnosis at the expense of the patient’s interest.
According to Fonda Mental Foundation, it takes about 10 years between exposure to the first bout of the disease and the application of appropriate treatment. There are no ways to prevent bipolar disease, and the disease can only be diagnosed with the onset of symptoms.
So what are the symptoms?
Bipolar disorder is characterized by reciprocal periods between manic episodes and depression episodes.
Depression and / or mania occur sequentially after recovery, and these two forms of seizures are the most extreme and contradictory expressions of the disease itself.
It covers a limited period during which the mood is high and continues abnormally (the duration may be one week or more).
The patient becomes hyperactive, cheerful, and agitated. And the patient is optimistic in all situations. The hyperactivity leads to fatigue, and it affect the patient work.
The patient may also suffer from hypersensitivity.
These seizures are characterized by a sharp decrease in mood, energy and activity:
The person become miserable and slow and does not enjoy anything. And has difficulty concentrating and making decisions.
Suicide thoughts can come to the patient mind.
These mood disorders appear for no apparent reason, and may be the result of a reaction to a catalyst, such as a serious event in life on a personal or professional level, and it can be negative or positive.
Treatments and Therapies
Treatment helps many people even those with the most severe forms of bipolar disorder gain better control of their mood swings and other bipolar symptoms.
An effective treatment plan usually includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy”).
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness. Episodes of mania and depression typically come back over time. Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder are free of mood changes, but some people may have lingering symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment helps to control these symptoms.